What is Biomechanics?

Biomechanics is the study and understanding of the mechanics of the body. Just like any machine, the mechanics of the body must be working correctly in order for the machine to function at an optimum level. Interestingly, a lot of Chartered Physiotherapists actually study Engineering before they progress to a Physiotherapy Course.

If the body is not in good alignment, then it will not function at an optimum level. As a result, there will be stresses and strains applied to the body and these may cause pain.

Gait Assessment

Gait Assessment

In Kilkenny Physiotherapy & Sports Injury clinic, we do a full biomechanical assessment to determine why an individual is suffering from pain or poor function. This includes analysing gait, assessing strength and flexibility and much more.

The most common issues found are:

• The foot may not be positioned optimally on the ground
• A limitation of movement at some joints
• Shortening of some muscles
• Weakness in some muscles, particularly at the hip


Assessing the position of the foot

Assessing the position of the foot

Every child is different andtheir assessment findings will vary. Because of this, treatment will be differ slightly for each child, and may include:
• Physiotherapy treatment to improve alignment of the body
• Exercise prescription to stretch and strengthen relevant muscles
• Provision of some type of insole or corrective device for the shoe.

It is imperative that the patient is fully assessed by a chartered physiotherapist and then followed up to ensure that biomechanical deviations are properly addressed.

Biomechanical Related Injuries Biomechanical exercises

Heel spur and heel pain
• Severs disease
• Metatarsalgia and forefoot pain
• Bunions
• Recurrent ankle sprains.
• Achilles Tendonitis and calf tightness or strains
Shin Splints
• Osgood Schlatters Disease
Chondromalacia Patella and Runners knee
• On-going hamstring & groin pain.
• Hip Pain and Low Back Pain
• Recurrent shoulder instability and elbow pain
• Thoracic or neck pain
• Headaches

Biomechanical related injuries in Children:

  • Growing Pains
  • Flat feet
  • Walking on toes or turned in toes
  • Foot, heel, knee, hip & back Pain
  • Clumsiness, inco-ordination
  • Poor sporting ability or funny run
  • Obesity,
  • Laziness/doesn’t like going for walks
  • Headaches 
  • Poor posture