Heel Pain / Heel Spur
Heel pain is a common problem at any age but mostly between ages 40 and 60, It is also common in children. It affects men and women alike
What causes heel pain?
There are a number of possible causes depending on where the pain presents.
- Pain under the heel – may be due to a tight plantar fascia (the structure which supports the long arch under the foot), The fascia becomes taut and pulls at its’ attachment to the bone causing pain. Sometimes people call this plantar fasciitis, but that is not a true description of the pain. See Plantar Fasciitis
- Pain under the heel may develop into a heel spur, so should be treated as early as possible.
- Pain under the heel may also be boney bruising or a stress fracture
- Pain behind the heel – is more likely to be related to a tight calf and so the achilles tendon pulls at its’ insertion into the heel bone.
- Pain in the inside of the heel- is possibly from severely pronated feet (flat feet).
What causes heel pain?
- Biomechanical Deviations are undoubtedly the biggest cause of heel pain as they put an adverse strain on some structures for a prolonged period of time – flat feet being the main offender.
- Sometimes it will be trauma such as jumping on to a hard surface or repetitive landing in your sport.
- It may also be due to a sudden increase in activity for example when you get a mid life crises and make a burst to get fit.
- Another big influence is footwear, especially slip on sandals or flip flops, we are usually inundated with middle aged holiday makers in September when they return from 2 weeks in the sun. We expect a huge increase in years to come from today’s teenagers as the slop around in ill fitting shoes.
- As you get older the fat pad under your heel thins and can be a factor.
What is a heel spur?
A heel spur is a small boney growth under the heel at the attachment of the plantar fascia.
It occurs as a result of repeated trauma to the bone as the fascia repetitively pulls at its insertion into the bone, this causes miscro bleeds which eventually become calcified and cause a little boney growth out from the bone.
It can take about a year for this to happen, it then stays painful for another year, and if left untreated will usually become less painful after a few years as the body adjusts to this, however it may recur as the causes will not have altered.
As with all pains and aches, a detailed thorough assessment is required to determine the exact cause of your heel pain.
Treatment is then geared towards
- Relieving your pain using electrotherapy, soft tissue release, hot and cold therapy and exercise.
- Addressing the underlying causes of your heel pain, such as tight calves, tight plantar fascia, tight hip flexors etc.
- Correcting the foot biomechanics by prescribing insoles or orthotics if required.
- Giving you a long term management programme to help prevent recurrence.
- Heels spurs may ultimately require an injection, but do generally resolve with physiotherapy treatment.
When we treat and diagnose the cause of the heel pain, most people will ask us – why is it only giving me bother now. That’s the thing with biomechanically related issues, they are like an overuse injury and can take years to develop.